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Tokyo Shippo
(Cloisonne Enamelware)

37 Tokyo Shippo (Cloisonne Enamelware)
Main Areas of Manufacture
Taito Ward, Arakawa Ward, Kita Ward
Designation/Certification Dates
January 25th, 2002 (Tokyo Certification)
Traditional Technologies and Techniques
  1. Pre-baking (karayaki): This process removes oils from the base material.
  2. Acid polishing (kirinsu): The pre-baked, unenameled material and oxide film formed through baking are washed with nitric acid, etc.
  3. Application: Enamel is applied according to the design using a bamboo spatula (hose) and brush.
  4. Drying: The workpiece is naturally dried for approximately three to five hours.
  5. Initial firing: The workpiece is fired at 800°C - 850°C (1,472°F - 1,562°F).
  6. Polishing: Rough polishing is carried out of the workpiece's surface using a #180 whetstone.
  7. Final firing: The workpiece is fired and completed.
Traditionally Used Raw Materials
Base materials: copper, silver, gold, red brass, platinum
Enamel: enamel silica, enamel
History and Characteristics

It is said that during the early Edo Period, Hirata Hikoshiro (1591-1646) (also known as Hirata Donin) learned the art of cloisonne enamelware (shippo) from a Korean visitor to Japan, and that he subsequently applied colors to the concave surfaces of such pieces. Hirata was the founder of the craft of Tokyo Shippo, and he created famous works as a master craftsman while working in the service of the Tokugawa Shogunate. A beautiful tsuba (sword guard) is one of his most well-known pieces. Successive generations of the Hirata family resided in Edo while guarding their secret shippo techniques until the early Meiji Period.

When the Fifth International Exposition was held in Paris in the third year of the Keio Era (1868), the Shogunate dispatched a delegation to represent Japan and assert the country's influence abroad. During the event, delegation members from the Satsuma Domain (modern Kagoshima Prefecture) had an honorary medal created called "the Order of Satsuma". This decoration was modeled after the French Legion of Honour. It was subsequently presented to Napoleon III and it received high praise. This act raised the awareness of honorary decorations, which led the Council of the Left, the predecessor of the new Meiji Government's Chamber of Elders, to discuss the establishment of a Japanese honors system. In the sixth year of the Meiji Era (1873), the Chamber of Elders requested that a mint produce medals for such an honors system; however, the mint workers lacked experience in enamelware production techniques (shippo). This led the government to ask the well-known Hirata family who had worked for the Edo Shogunate for assistance. A prototype award was completed by Hirata Haruyuki and this eventually became the medal bestowed along with the award of the Order of the Rising Sun.

Currently, the Tokyo Shippo Industry Association creates items in various categories using shippo production techniques. Such categories include both women's and men's decorative accessories, automobile emblems, golf markers, school and company badges, along with items for a vast range of other applications.

Contact Details
Manufacturing Area
Cooperative Name
Tokyo Shippo Industry Association
AddressSakamori Bijutsu Shippou Kougei Store, 1-2-1
Moto-Asakusa, Taito Ward, Tokyo 111-0041
Telephone No.03 (3844) 8251
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